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Sharavathi Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • A report on the status of diurnal arboreal mammals in and around the forest of Sharavathi Valley Lion-tailed Macaque (LTM)  Sanctuary which has been submitted to the Karnataka Forest Department recently has revealed that there are 730 LTM in vicinity.

Lion-tailed Macaque

  • The lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), also known as the wanderoo, is an Old World monkey endemic to the Western Ghats of South India

  • Lion-tailed macaques are covered in black fur, and have a striking gray or silver mane that surrounds their face which can be found in both sexes, earns it the nickname "beard ape."

  • One of the smallest macaque species, it weighs 2–10 kg, has a body length of 42–61 cm, and a 25 cm tail

  • Lion-tailed macaques, living mostly in the upper canopy of tropical moist evergreen forests, primarily feed on fruits and seeds but also consume leaves, buds, insects, and small vertebrates

  • Conservation Status:

    • IUCN Red List: Endangered

    • CITES: Appendix I

    • The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I

Sharavathi Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Sharavathi River Valley of Sagar taluk in Shivamogga District, Karnataka

  • The Sanctuary lies in the Western Ghats, mainly covered with evergreen and semi-evergreen forests in the valleys and grassy patches on hilltops, and is immensely rich in flora and fauna both in variety and diversity.

  • Jog Falls, second highest plunge waterfall in India on sharavathi river, is a major attractions to visit inside Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary

  • The expanded sanctuary is aimed at protecting the freshwater habitat of Myristica swamps that hosts many species like Lion Tailed Macaque, Leaf Nosed Bats, Hornbills



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Sharavathi Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC NOTE
Sharavathi Wildlife Sanctuary UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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