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Tamil Nadu government's Model for Refugee Care UPSC NOTE


  • The Sri Lankan Tamils who arrived on the shores of Tamil Nadu, India, for the first time in 1983 had lost everything. 

  • Their only objective was to save their lives from the hate-filled ethnocentric violence which caused their displacement

  • Most vulnerable Sri Lankan Tamils chose India due to its proximity, accessibility and linguistic commonality of Tamil

  • Though aware of all the hardships, they were leading a threat-free life in Tamil Nadu.

  • Since 1983, 3,34,797 Sri Lankan Tamils have sought refuge in Tamil Nadu

  • Currently, as of January 1, 2024, there are 57,975 refugees living in 105 government-run camps in Tamil Nadu and an estimated 40,000 Sri Lankan Tamils living outside the camps in Tamil Nadu with police registration 

  • Every person in the camp is registered. 

  • And every person receives a monthly dole after a bimonthly roll call that ensures the presence of the person in the camp

  • In addition to the cash dole, there are several benefits such as free housing, electricity, water and monthly food rations

  • They also have access to all the welfare schemes available to the people of Tamil Nadu including the latest women’s rights scheme of ₹1,000 per month

  • In terms of education, the refugees have access to government schools, and receive the additional benefit of ₹1,000 a month if they progress to higher education

  • There are also specific one-time education support programmes that are available to refugees — arts and science college students get ₹12,000 and students of engineering courses get ₹50,000. 

  • Most recently, the Government of Tamil Nadu has handed over brand new homes to about 5,000 Sri Lankan Tamils. 

  • A costing study that was completed in end-2023 documented that the government spent about ₹262 crore on refugees



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Tamil Nadu government's Model for Refugee Care UPSC NOTE
Tamil Nadu government's Model for Refugee Care UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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