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Flood in Brazil UPSC NOTE

 Cause of the disaster flood in Brazil

  • The primary culprit was days of intense downpours in the region, particularly in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. 

  • This excessive rainfall caused rivers to overflow and triggered landslides.

  • Weather experts believe the El Niño phenomenon contributed to the heavy rainfall

  • El Niño is a climate pattern characterized by unusually warm water temperatures in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. 

  • It can disrupt global weather patterns and lead to increased precipitation in some regions, including southern Brazil.

  • Scientists point out that extreme weather events like these floods are becoming more frequent and intense due to human-caused climate change. 

  • Rising global temperatures can lead to changes in precipitation patterns and increase the risk of heavy rainfall events.

  • A contributing factor in some areas was the partial collapse of a hydroelectric dam located between the municipalities of Cotipora and Bento Goncalves

  • This dam failure caused a surge of water that worsened flooding in the Taquari River valley.

  • The Guaíba (also sometimes referred to as Guaíba Lake) is located in Brazil

  • More specifically, it's a major water body in Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost state of Brazil.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Flood in Brazil UPSC NOTE
Flood in Brazil UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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