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Critical issue of the delayed census in India UPSC NOTE

 Importance of Census:

  • Provides vital data for allocating resources and beneficiaries for various welfare schemes (schools, PDS etc.).

  • The only source of primary data at the village, town, and ward level.

  • Crucial for sample selection in numerous surveys (consumption, health) and effective implementation of government schemes.'

Current Situation:

  • The last census in India was conducted in 2011.

  • The decennial census has been postponed indefinitely since 2021.

  • India is among a select few countries (including conflict zones) that haven't conducted the latest census.

Reasons Cited by Government (Disputed):

  • The government claims the pandemic caused the delay.

  • However, 143 out of 189 countries conducted their censuses after March 2020 

Comparison with Other Nations:

  • Among the 10 most populous countries, only India and Nigeria haven't conducted a census.

  • BRICS nations (except India) and neighboring countries (Nepal, Maldives, Bhutan, Bangladesh) have completed their censuses.

Consequences of Delayed Census:

  • Welfare Schemes: Outdated data leads to exclusion of eligible beneficiaries from schemes like PDS, National Family Security Act (ration cards). Millions may be excluded.

  • Sample Surveys: Reliance on 2011 data for sample selection in crucial surveys like consumption patterns and health can lead to inaccurate results.

  • Resource Allocation: Difficulty in identifying areas with highest needs for schools like Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) for tribal children.

  • The delay in conducting the census poses a serious challenge for effective implementation of welfare schemes and accurate data collection in India.



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Critical issue of the delayed census in India UPSC NOTE
Critical issue of the delayed census in India UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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