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Rajaji National Park, Sahyadri Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE

 Why in news

  • Environmentalists Jai Dhar Gupta and Vijay Dhasmana create India’s first biosphere in a tiger reserve

  • Rajaji Raghati Biosphere (RRB) is a 35-acre private forest initiative led by ecologist Vijay Dhasmana, who is known for restoring the Aravalli landscapes, and Jai Dhar Gupta

  • Situated within the Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand, the biosphere overlooks the rocky white Raghati riverbed, nestled in the Shivalik foothills

  • They are also working on a second biosphere atop the Western Ghats: above the Koyna River in the buffer zone of the Sahyadri Tiger Reserve near Pune, Maharashtra

Rajaji National Park

  • Located in Haridwar (Uttarakhand), along the foothills of the Shivalik range

  • Named Rajaji National Park in the year 1983 after the famous freedom fighter C. Rajgopalachari; popularly known as “Rajaji”.

  • This area is the North Western Limit of habitat of Asian elephants.

  • Forest types include sal forests, riverine forests, broad–leaved mixed forests, scrubland and grassy.

  • It was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2015.

  • It is home to the Van Gujjars in the winters

Sahyadri Tiger Reserve 

  • Sahyadri Tiger Reserve is a reserve in the state of Maharashtra, created by the Indian government in 2008

  • It is located in the Sahyadri Ranges of the Western Ghats in  It was notified by amalgamating the Chandoli National Park and Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary.

  • It includes the area around the Koyna Dam, the Warna River, and many other small rivers and streams originating from the Western Ghats and flowing to the east.

  • The reserve is dedicated to the conservation of the Bengal tiger.

Koyna River

  • The Koyna River is a tributary of the Krishna River which originates in Mahabaleshwar, Satara district, Western Maharashtra.

  • Unlike most of the other rivers in Maharashtra which flow East-West direction, the Koyna River flows in North-South direction.

  • It is dammed by the Koyna Dam at Koynanagar forming the Shivsagar reservoir.

  • Koyna River is supported by four tributaries

  • They are Kera, Wang, Morna and Mahind



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Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam: Rajaji National Park, Sahyadri Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE
Rajaji National Park, Sahyadri Tiger Reserve UPSC NOTE
Learnerz IAS | Concept oriented UPSC Classes in Malayalam
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